I thought this would be a cool art form to start with because it is a fairly simple one, but creates super interesting looking pieces!
What is Pointillism and how did it come about?:
Pointillism is the practice of applying small strokes or dots of color to a surface so that from a distance they visually blend together. Pointillism was a revolutionary painting technique pioneered by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac in Paris in the mid-1880s. Something interesting about Pointillism is that musical metaphors were occasionally used to help describe Pointillism, most straightforwardly that of the colored dots being in a kind of harmony. Signac – who took over as the movement’s de facto leader after Seurat’s death – likened the process of choosing his colors to that of a composer considering each instrument while creating a symphony.
George Seurat (1859 – 1891) was a French Neo-Impressionist painter in the late 18th Century. He believed that the artist could create mood, harmony and emotion in art by using colors and lines. He painted using small distinct dots of colors directly on the canvas, without mixing the paint. This way when you stand a distance away, the dots seem to blend in into the desired color. His style of painting is called Pointillism. If you look closely at his paintings you will see that they are made out of many tiny dots.
Some famous painting in Pointillism:
There are quite a few well known paintings in pointillism, one being “A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte” by Georges Seurat. Another one is Georges Seurat’s “The Eiffel Tower.”
– Fun Fact: I have seen “The Eiffel Tower” because it is displayed at the San Francisco Legion of Honor Museum.
How to do Pointillism:
When doing pointillism, it is key not to make strokes, instead dots (hence the point part in the name). It takes practice to create little dots, but practice makes your techniques better. Here are some tips:
- Don’t rush – take your time. This can be a time-consuming form of art but the end result is always worth it.
- To show shading and make an object look 3D, make sure to change the density of the dots; in a darker area, add more dots (don’t color it though) and vice versa.
If you want to learn pointillism, check out the following links (they have the same names, but are linked to different places.)